If you own a trucking company, traveling great distances is unavoidable, and it will ultimately be factored into your long-term plans. Traveling from one state to another, on the other hand, necessitates some planning, such as insurance and permits. That is why Trucking Permit Services & Licensing experts advise seeking professional assistance to alleviate the issue.
What is IRP?
The International Registration Plan (IRP) is a treaty encompassing 48 states in the United States, the District of Columbia, and many Canadian provinces. When your truck is IRP-registered, you must report the distance traveled in each state or province and pay the applicable costs for that trip.
If your vehicle isn't IRP-registered, you'll most likely require a temporary trip permit to travel outside of the state where it's registered.
Motor carriers register with and pay to one jurisdiction. The charge is calculated using the proportion of distance traveled in each jurisdiction, according to the fee schedule for that jurisdiction; the fees are then dispersed to the applicable jurisdictions.
What are Temporary Trip Permits?
When driving into a state where they are not apportioned or registered, Temporary Trip Permits are provided to use as temporary vehicle registration. This is true for both IRP-allocated carriers and carriers that are not apportioned since they primarily operate within the state.
Brief History of IRP
Sanctioning IRP (interstate) registrations of commercial motor vehicles, according to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, is an effective enforcement method of stopping out-of-service carriers from driving on U.S. highways.
No state (other than a state participating in the IRP) shall establish, maintain, or enforce any commercial motor vehicle registration law, regulation, or agreement for vehicles registered under the laws of any state participating in the IRP, according to the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991.
Previously, states and provinces had different procedures that permitted certain jurisdictions to travel across another with a separate registration certificate.
Benefits of IRP
The IRP supports the registration of about 2.9 million commercial motor vehicles in the United States and Canada each year, generating nearly $3 billion in income for U.S. and Canadian jurisdictions.
The IRP assists in the registration process and works to improve the safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of commercial motor vehicle operations in North America.
Who Needs IRP?
Suppose you're driving a large commercial vehicle and aren't registered with the International Registration Plan. In that case, you'll almost certainly require a trip permit for each state or province you pass through.
Outside of your native state, you may require a travel permit if:
- Your vehicle or trailer does not have an IRP number.
- Your vehicle's GVW is greater than 26,000 pounds.
- Your vehicle has three or more axles.
- The total GVW of your tow vehicle and trailer is over 26,000 pounds.
If you're driving a government-owned vehicle, a recreational vehicle used for personal travel, or a chartered bus, your vehicle may be excluded from the IRP and trip permit requirements.
How Does IRP Work?
In your home state, you must create an IRP account. You will need to fill out several applications, present evidence of residency, provide paperwork such as a copy of the 2290 form or an emissions certificate if applicable, and pay the registration price as part of the setup procedure.
Because there are some differences across states, check with yours to see what forms you'll need to fill out and what papers you'll need to submit to fulfill their criteria. You can generally download all of the forms from their website to prepare when you arrive at their office to set things up.
IRP Fees and Credentials
IRP payments are allocated based on the percentage of the distance traveled in each jurisdiction by the fleet. Each base jurisdiction sends the fees it receives from IRP registrants to the IRP Clearinghouse, which distributes them along with registrant and vehicle information from IRP transactions to other IRP member jurisdictions. Each IRP registered vehicle receives a taxi card and plate(s) from the base jurisdiction.
The IRP Plan
The IRP Plan is a document that contains regulations for members to follow when registering commercial motor vehicles. It is not legislation in and of itself. Individual jurisdictions' legislation provides members the legal ability to join the Plan, demand vehicle registration, determine registration costs, and enforce Plan provisions.